For example, hit, the genitive singular of the noun end- ing Hfl, is denoted by ii f while hh, the genitive plural, is denoted by iy. Chapter 4 centers on the imitation of life in art and its “mystic” Sym- bolist antithesis, the imitation of art in life, otherwise known as life crea- tion zhiznetvorchestvo. Within them, the secondary characters claim that the queen of spades holds no great significance, whereas the main character asserts that it possesses the galvanism of the supernatural sphere. This point alone is sufficient to indicate that music exists beyond the limits of scientific inquiry. Unlike poetry, which concerns the material traces of objects, music concerns their imma- terial essences. Sovetskiy kompozitor, , Having plunged into the depth of the history of artistic portraits and having thus been made in- vulnerable to the charge of extreme artistic radicalism, I can boldly and certifiably say that I am not mistaken in my conviction.

In the brief epilogue, we learn that Herman “lost his mind” after the loss, and that Liza, his forsaken love, subsequently married the rich son of the Countess’s steward. The harp figure recurs in pairs, a feature of the score that, in the ter- nary frame, increases the sense of design and destiny. Frezhde pravo bilo luchshe, Bilo veseleye zhit’, Nam i solnishko na nebe Ne bilo v dikovinku. The second bold decision made by the librettist and composer was to shift the setting of The Queen of Spades from the era of Alexander T back to the era of Catherine IT. Petersburg, with the exception of incidental de- tails, it was completed by 8 June. The broader influence of Silver Age aesthetics on the libretto is evident in those places where the primary and secondary characters express a desire to escape the present into the past.

Bristol Classical Press, Central to The Queen of Spades, for example, are the traditional symbols of day and night, sun and cloud, which, divorced from their con- ventional emotional connotations, come to denote madness and the irra- tional.

As in the source novella, the narrative of the ghostly visitation is ambiguous in content it is unclear whether it is an actual event or vision, and whether the card formula is given pojazat Herman or intuited by himbut other scenes indicate that the characters actually acquire knowledge by means other than rational cognition.

These associations envelop an essential truth or, to invoke the phraseology of Gaetan’s song, a “Law immutable to the heart.

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His journal entries for the month contain psychological profiles of each of the characters except Gaetan. The most important of the opera’s various source texts, the Kitezh chronicle, is concerned with syn- cretism: The broader influence of Silver Age aesthetics on the libretto is evident in poiazat places where the primary and secondary characters express a desire to escape the present into the past.


Chaikovsky assigns his cast members fixed dramatic functions.

God, your thunderou5 5ilence Your poor 5lave Hear5 clearly! In BelYy’s extremely late Symbolist pub- lication Masks [Maski ftajni and settings are denoted by colors and sounds, the intention, according to John Elsworth, being “to express that which lies beyond the customary domain of descriptive language. The scenes are staged in such a way as to present the other characters less as living beings than as the subjects of these images.

She briefly revives the party with a “clapping” song based on an er- satz folk tune, but the jovial mood seems to be lost and Liza’s hoary Gov- erness, finding it inappropriate for members of the French-educated aris- tocracy to perform folk music, complains about the racket. Eiges claimed that music was the most “symbolic” of the forms of art.

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T will discuss three scenes from the opera in detail, concentrating on their generic and stylistic abnormalities and on the manner in which they project a sense of historical fate, a sense of the decline of aristocratic exis- tence. Against these slight works, which are evocative of Robert Schumann in their use of pro- grammatic titles and Johannes Brahms in rhythmic inventiveness, BelVy juxtaposes the first stanza of an untitled lyric by Mikhail Lermontovthe intention being to demonstrate the expressive superiority of the music over the text: Rather, it filk a bridge across time and space, supplanting the temporal motion of the world — what the French intuitivist philosopher Henri Bergson called duree, or time as experienced by consciousness 53 — with an assemblage of indefinite associations.

Before his sudden pokaazt inhe had completed only a draft libretto and fifty-five partial pages of musi- cal sketches for it. Ya sli’shu, Kak more shumnoye poyot. Its rhythmic values range from sixteenth notes to thirty-second notes to various mixed group- ings.

To Klenovsky the original recipient of the Queen of Spades commission, Modest’s embellishment of the source novella using borrowed materials evinced disrespect for Pushkin. Gnesin discusses his approach to setting Blok’s poetry in an unpublished essay entitled “Aleksandr Blok 1 muzika” RGALI, fundlist 1, item Related by tritone, major second, or minor second, these sonorities are deployed in single or multiple regis- ters and interact in homophonic and polyphonic contexts.

Although the chord rooted on E is often embel- lished by a seventh, it is never deployed as a functional dominant. Batyushkov, likewise a poet of the sentimental tradition and therefore antagonistic toward the influence of Church Slavonic and the ecclesiastical languages on Russian writingdevoted himself to translat- ing and imitating Baroque Romance-language poets.


Sight would be divorced from its usual causal stimuli and would be “causally” associated with hearing. My thanks, finally, to Mary Fran- cis and Mary Severance of University of California Press for shepherding the manuscript to publication. They characterize not only Debussy’s French Symbolist operas [Pelleas et Melisande and the unfinished Fall of the House of Usher [La chute de la maison Usher, ]but also the four Russian Symbolist operas discussed in this book.

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The song recalls prelapsarian bliss and mourns its loss. Modest scripted the first three scenes but then learned that Klenovsky had altogether abandoned the project. Though it is Twyni who actually sings the Batyushkov romance, it comments on Liza’s state of mind.

The four com- posers in question occupy different places in the history of Russian Sym- bolism. The composer’s aspiration to semanticize music — to create aural analogues to words and images — affronted the Symbolist credo that music alone among the arts could serve to express the ineffable.

Maidens encir- cle a decorated tree, jugglers and acrobats entertain the crowd of knights and ladies. Near the score’s cataclysmic climax, her voice, like the other characters’ voices, dissolves in the cognitive noise of the chaotic orchestra. Carolyn Roberts, to whom this general summary and the upcoming libretto examples are indebted, observes that Scribe’s most striking departure from Pushkin’s original concerned the in- fusion of the supernatural: From a purely musical perspective, BelVy sought the formation of a syntax in which sounds were divorced from their cultural referents and prevented from assuming a concrete semantic identity.

Accordingly, among the dramatis per- son ae oiJhe Queen of Spades, only Herman is portrayed as a full-blooded, three-dimensional figure; compared to him, Liza, the Countess, and Tom- sky resemble two-dimensional playing cards. It was a cele- bration of Diaghilev’s service as editor of the Russian Symbolist journal The World of Art, which had ceased publication a year before, and of his lavish exhibition of Russian portrait and landscape paintings at the Tauride Palace in St.